Zetonna is a type of nasal spray that is used once daily to help treat seasonal or year-round allergies. This prescription steroid is designed to relieve allergy symptoms, such as nasal itching, runny or stuffy nose, and sneezing. Headaches, nosebleeds, and nasal discomfort are just a few of the possible side effects.
What Is Zetonna?
Zetonna™ (ciclesonide) is a prescription steroid nasal spray licensed to treat both seasonal allergies and allergies that occur all year long (known as perennial allergies). Specifically, Zetonna can be used to treat sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, and nasal itching due to allergies (known medically as allergic rhinitis).
Allergies occur as the result of the immune system's reaction to normally harmless substances that do not bother most people. This immune system reaction is known as inflammation, and involves several different types of cells and several different chemicals in the body.
Zetonna is a corticosteroid, or simply "steroid" for short. Steroids can have many different effects in the body, including anti-inflammatory effects. Steroids decrease inflammation by limiting the body's ability to produce an immune system reaction. They can be quite effective at treating conditions such as allergies.
However, long-term use of steroids can cause bothersome and sometimes serious side effects, and this limits the usefulness of many steroids. Because Zetonna is a nasal spray, its effects are generally limited to the nose. This helps prevent many of the long-term steroidal side effects.
Although Zetonna is a steroid, it is not the same type of steroid used to enhance athletic performance or to increase muscle mass. These steroids are completely different from the type used in nasal sprays like Zetonna.
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Electronic orange book: approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations. FDA Web site. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/cder/ob/. Accessed May 13, 2013.
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